Constantine and Thomas barely escaped, and Morea was invaded. When Constantine succeeded his brother John VIII, the Byzantine Empire consisted of a small parcel of land in Morea and the city of Constantinople. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Some Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholics consider Constantine XI a saint (or a national martyr or ethnomartyr, Greek: ἐθνομάρτυρας). He was one of ten children born to Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragaš. Constantine XI (Constantine Palaeologus), d. 1453, last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), brother and successor of John VIII John VIII (John Palaeologus), 1390–1448, Byzantine emperor (1425–48), son and successor of Manuel II. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. But they had been thought proper that a second coronation ceremony be held also at Constantinople, performed by the patriarch. Statue of Constantine XI Palaiologos, Athens: Hours, Address, Statue of Constantine XI Palaiologos Review: 5/5 The Empress Helena, acting as regent, supported Constantine. Constantine XI Palaiologos is on Facebook. A gallant prince, he completed the conquest of the Peloponnesus from the Latins and heroically commanded the futile defense of Constantinople against the Turks. Ελληνικά: Ο Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ’ ο Παλαιολόγος ή Κωνσταντίνος Δραγάσης (8 Φεβρουαρίου 1404 - … Crying "The city is fallen and I am still alive", he tore off his imperial regalia and joined his remaining soldiers in a last desperate charge, defending an empire and a … Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos was born 8 February 1405 and died 29 May 1453, reigning as the last Byzantine Emperor.123 and was a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 until he died in battle during the Fall of Constantinople. Counter-Revolutionary Catholic, the rest is a consequence. [14] He sailed from Greece on a Venetian ship arrived in Constantinople on 12 March 1449.[14]. Constantinus XI Palaeologus, keizer van het Byzantijnse Rijk, 1405-1453 . They hoped that this would bring them support from Catholic Europe, which had demonstrated it was stronger than the Byzantine Empire, by taking Constantinople in 1204. He was son of Manuel II Palaiologos … The Ottoman sultan Mehmed II placed Constantinople under siege, and the last emperor died fighting. ς Παλαιολόγος, « se serait jeté dans la mêlée, et, dans un accès de rage, qu'il se serait relevé, après être tombé, avant de retomber ensuite, pour ne plus se redresser Â». Byzantine articles, Geography articles, Renaissance/ Early Modern eras, Roman/ Byzantine/ Medieval eras. [18] There were no known surviving eyewitness to the death of the Emperor and none of his entourage survived to offer any credible account of his death. After his death in battle during the fall of Constantinople, he became a legendary figure in Greek folklore as the "Marble Emperor" who would awaken and recover the Empire and Constantinople from the Turks. John VIII Palaeologus, Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos, (born December 17/18, 1392—died October 31, 1448, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor who spent his reign appealing to the West for help against the final assaults by the Ottoman Turks on the Byzantine Empire.. [19], A legend tells that when the Ottomans entered the city, an angel rescued the emperor, turned him into marble and placed him in a cave under the earth near the Golden Gate, where he waits to be brought to life again to conquer the city back for Christians. He refused every time. A little less than five years later in 1453 AD he was killed during the final assaults by the Turkish Sultan, Mehmed II on Constantinople. They appealed to the Ottoman Sultan Murad II to arbitrate the disagreement. Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, today more commonly known as the Byzantine Empire. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. John VIII Palaiologos named his brother Constantine XI, who had served as regent in Constantinople in 1437?1439, as his successor. Constantine XI (redirected from Constantine Palaiologos) Also found in: Dictionary. William J. Duiker, Jackson J. Spielvogel. The siege of the city began in the winter of 1452. Constantine XI Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος (Serbian: Konstantin Paleolog Dragaš/ Константин Палеолог Драгаш), Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1404 [1] [2] – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor. Velikost predogleda: 800 × 600 točk. He was son of Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragas. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Konstantinos XI Palaiologos, Latinh hóa là Palaeologus ([Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος] lỗi: {{lang-xx}}: văn bản có thẻ đánh dấu in xiên (trợ giúp) (Serbia: Константин Палеолог Драгаш), Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 1404 - 1453) là vị Hoàng đế … During the … When Constantine succeeded his brother John VIII, the Byzantine Empire consisted of a small parcel of land in Morea and the city of Constantinople. Constantine XI Palaiologos Constantine XI Dragases Palaeologos, 1404-1453, last Emperor of Byzantium. During the absence of his older brother in Italy, Constantine was regent in Constantinople from 1437–1440. The Ottoman sultan Mehmed II placed Constantinople under siege, and the last emperor died fighting. Ελληνικά: Ο Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ’ ο Παλαιολόγος ή Κωνσταντίνος Δραγάσης (8 Φεβρουαρίου 1404 - … It had long been under the Frankish principality of 'Achaia' Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD succeeding his brother. Who Was Constantine XI Palaiologos? View of monument the Constantine XI Palaiologos. Demetrios drew support for his opposition to the union between the Orthodox and Catholic churches. Constantine knew that to receive his crown from Gregory would add fuel to the existing fires of religious discord in the capital. His greatest and final actions of defending the city of Constantinople placed him in Greek folklore forever. [11] His purpose was not to conquer Morea but to teach the Greeks and their Despots a punitive lesson. Background The fourth son of Emperor Manuel II Palaeologus, Constantine was born on February 8, 1405. Constantine also sought assistance from his brothers in Morea, but any help was forestalled by an Ottoman invasion of the peninsula in 1452 which took place exactly for that reason. Constantine became the Despotes of the Morea (the medieval name for the Peloponnesus) in October 1443, ruling from the fortress and palace in Mistra. Constantine XI Dragaš Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντινος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 [1] [2] – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, [3] [4] [5] reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. This category has only the following subcategory. : Often referred to as the Marble Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos, was the last of the Byzantine Emperors. Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991. Constantine was born in Constantinople[2] as the eighth of ten children to Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragaš, the daughter of the Serbian prince Constantine Dragaš. This came in addition to the building of Anadoluhisarı, the fortress opposite of Rumelihisari on the Asian side, and gave the Ottomans absolute control over the sea traffic of the Bosporus Strait. [11] Constantine and his brother Thomas braced for the attack at the Hexamilion, which the Ottoman army reached on 27 November 1446. Tag Archives: Constantine XI Palaiologos. Want to know Constantine XI Palaiologos' current status? Famous places in Greece. Browsing Byzantine Coinage of Constantine XI. Hit that like button. Constantinus XI, imperatore d'Oriente, 1403-1453. Constantine XI [1] Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 [2] [3] – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, [4] [5] [6] reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Constantine XI (redirected from Constantine Palaiologos) Also found in: Dictionary. Constantinus XI, bizantski car. Constantine XI Palaiologos is similar to these monarches: Index of Byzantine Empire-related articles, List of Byzantine emperors, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty and more. Because of this, Mehmed considered Constantine to have broken the truce and the following winter of 1451–52, Mehmed built Rumelihisari, a hill fortress on the European side of the Bosporus, just north of the city cutting the communication with the Black Sea to the east. Constantinus Dragases emperor of the East XI, Constantinus Palaeologus bizantski car XI, Constantinus Ultimus imperator. Soon afterwards, Mehmed II began agitating for the conquest of Constantinople. He spent most of his childhood in Constantinople under the supervision of his parents. Constantine XI Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος (Serbian: Konstantin Paleolog Dragaš/ Константин Палеолог Драгаш), Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1404 [1] [2] – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor. Tag Archives: Constantine XI Palaiologos. Byzantine articles, Geography articles, Renaissance/ Early Modern eras, Roman/ Byzantine/ Medieval eras. Constantine XI Palaiologos Last Byzantine Emperor What was lost needs to be avenged. The proposal was welcomed by her father Đurađ Branković, but it foundered on the objection of Maria herself who had vowed that "if God ever released her from the hands of the infidel she would lead a life of celibacy and chastity for the rest of her days". Today the Emperor is considered a national hero in Greece. Join Facebook to connect with Constantine XI Palaiologos and others you may know. His greatest and final actions of defending the city of Constantinople placed him in Greek folklore forever. 161 talking about this. Constantine XI Palaiologos Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos or Dragaš Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 to 29 May, 1453) was Byzantine Emperor from 6 January, 1449 to 29 May, 1453. Fils de Manuel II Paléologue, empereur byzantin, et d'Hélène Dragaš (patronyme serbe, bulgare ou roumain), il se marie deux fois : d'abord en 1428 avec Théodora Tocco (morte en 1429), fille de Léonard II Tocco (en), seigneur de Zante, puis le 27 juillet 1441 avec Catherine Gattilusi (morte en 1442), fille de Dorino Ier , seigneur de Lesbos. Category:Statues of Konstantinos XI Palaiologos. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Kōnstantinos Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine emperor, ruling as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Around the World in the Byzantine Era Part2 (1000-1461) August 27, 2020 The Byzantium Blogger Leave a comment. Constantinus XI, bizantski car. Posted by Powee Celdran. Constantine was born in 1405 in Constantinople. When his brother, Emperor John VIII Palaiologos, died childless, a dispute erupted between Constantine and his brother Demetrios Palaiologos over the throne. Basileus (English Edition) Mythos Byzanz - Petra Gerster auf den Spuren eines Imperiums Basileus - Bewundern Sie dem Testsieger Unsere Redaktion begrüßt Sie als Interessierten Leser auf unserer Seite. Constantine XI was the last Byzantine emperor. The choice eventually fell to an unnamed Georgian princess, daughter of George VIII. Constantinus XI Palaeologus, keizer van het Byzantijnse Rijk, 1405-1453 . Constantine XI married twice: the first time on 1 July 1428 to Theodora Tocco, niece of Carlo I Tocco of Epirus, who died in November 1429; the second time to Caterina Gattilusio, daughter of Dorino of Lesbos, who also died, during childbirth, in 1442. Facebook gives people … Constantine XI's legacy was used as a rallying cry for Greeks during their war for Independence with the Ottoman Empire. Constantine XI Palaiologos is similar to these monarches: Index of Byzantine Empire-related articles, List of Byzantine emperors, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty and more. At the same time, he used his diplomatic skills to maintain the necessary unity between the Genoese, Venetian and the Greek troops. Find the perfect constantine xi palaiologos stock photo. WARNING: THIS IS AN EXTREMELY LONG ARTICLE, BUT ENJOY!! He was extremely fond of his mother and added her surname (Dragases) next to his own dynastic one when he ascended the imperial throne. Confronting the Byzantine forces was an Ottoman army numbering many times that, backed by state-of-art siege equipment provided by a very competent Hungarian arms maker named Orban.[15]. He led the defence of the city and took an active part in the fighting alongside his troops in the land walls. In exchange for the surrender of Constantinople, the emperor's life would be spared and he would continue to rule in Mistra, to which, as preserved by G. Sphrantzes, Constantine replied: To surrender the city to you is beyond my authority or anyone else's who lives in it, for all of us, after taking the mutual decision, shall die out of free will without sparing our lives. Career Following the Palaeologan custom of apportioning territorial responsibilities to each member of the reigning family, as a young man Constantine was assigned authority in the Black … but even then, he put up a heroic last stand and almost won. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos was born 8 February 1405 and died 29 May 1453, reigning as the last Byzantine Emperor.123 and was a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 until he died in battle during the Fall of Constantinople. Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Konstantin XI Palaiologos-Constantin XI umgeworfen-Costantino XI paleologo bei eBay. Konstantin XI Dragases Palaiologos, (græsk: Κωνσταντῖνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος; 9. februar 1404 – 29. maj 1453) var byzantinsk kejser fra den 6. januar 1449 – 29. maj 1453.Konstantin var et medlem af det Palaiologiske dynasti og den sidste østromerske kejser.. Han blev dræbt i kamp mod det Osmanniske Rige, ledt af Mehmed II, ved Konstantinopels fald i 1453. He later became governor of Selymbria for a time, until surrendering the role to his brother Theodore in 1443. Theodora Palaiologina Angelina Kantakouzene, Georgios Frantzes, Ioannes A. Melisseides, Rita Zavolea Melisseidou, " Ealo I Polis, To Chronico tes halose tes Konstantinoupoles " ( Constantinople has Fallen. Restore Good, Beauty and Truth La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 29 septembre 2020 à 16:10. Constantine XI Palaiologos and The Empress Helena favoured union between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. Constantine Xi Palaiologos 1405-1453 was the final emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Ottoman wars, Eastern Orthodox Christians from the Byzantine Empire, http://books.google.com/books?id=qvvdVXckfqQC&pg=PA100, Odysseas Elytis's poem on Constantine XI Palaeologos, Μαρμαρωμένος Βασιληάς/The Marble-Petrified King (music/video), Great Martyr, the Emperor Blessed Constantine XI Paleologos, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Constantine_XI_Palaiologos?oldid=5250917, 21. Finally, although some troops did arrive from the mercantile city states in the north of Italy, the Western contribution was negligible compared to the needs, given the Ottoman strength. Two years later, in autumn 1446, Sultan Murad II who had come out of retirement, led an army of 50–60,000 soldiers into Greece to put an end to the pretensions of Constantine. [17], Soldiers were sent hastily to search amongst the dead and the first that was believed to be the emperor's, a body that had silk stockings with an eagle embroidered in it, the head was decapitated and marched around the ruined capital. After his coronation, in 1451, Constantine XI sent a commission under George Sphrantzes asking Mara Branković, daughter of the Serbian Despot Đurađ Branković and Byzantine princess Irene Kantakouzene, by then the widow of Murad II, to marry him (Maria had been allowed to return to her parents in Serbia after the death of Murad). Constantine XI Palaiologos 1405-1453. He had no children by either marriage. It was rare but not unprecedented for an emperor to be crowned in a provincial city. Constantine was born in 1405 in Constantinople. The founder of the dynasty of Palaiologos had been crowned at Nicaea, Asia Minor, John Cantacuzene at Adrianople, Thrace. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Offered a chance to live if he would surrender The City to the jihadists, he replied, To surrender the city to you is beyond my authority or anyone else's who lives in it, for all of us, after taking the mutual decision, shall die of our own free will without trying to save our lives. Demetrios drew support for his opposition to the union between the Orthodox and Catholic churches. A gallant prince, he completed the conquest of the Peloponnesus from the Latins and heroically commanded the futile defense of Constantinople against the Turks. - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock He was trained as a soldier and in 1441 conquered the Morea Peninsula of Greece. However, the Byzantine population steadfastly opposed the union of the churches. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos Edit Profile ruler. Druge ločljivosti: 320 × 240 točk | 640 × 480 točk | 1.024 × 768 točk | 1.280 × 960 točk | 3.968 × 2.976 točk. Despite the machinations of his younger brother Demetrios Palaiologos his mother Helena was professional to secure Constantine XI's … Constantine XI (1405-1453) was the last Byzantine emperor. Dragasès, Constantin, empereur d'Orient. Who Was Constantine XI Palaiologos? David Nicolle, John F. Haldon, Stephen R. Turnbull, Byzantium and Venice: A Study in Diplomatic and Cultural Relations, Donald M. Nicol, Cambridge University Press, p.390. Desperate for any type of military assistance, Constantine XI appealed to the West reaffirming the union of Eastern and Roman Churches which had been signed at the Council of Florence, a condition the Catholic Church imposed before any help could be provided. Constantine XI Palaiologos 1405-1453. After establishing himself as the Despot, Constantine worked to strengthen the defence of the Morea, including reconstructing a wall across the Isthmus of Corinth called the "Hexamilion" (Six-mile-wall), on the suggestion of the famous scholar and teacher of his, Plethon.[9]. When his city was invaded, he was offered safety if he gave up his empire over and over again. Constantine XI Dragasēs Palaiologos (February 8, 1404 – May 29, 1453) He was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor from 1449 to his death as member of the Palaiologos dynasty. Around the World in the Byzantine Era Part2 (1000-1461) August 27, 2020 The Byzantium Blogger Leave a comment. Konstantinos XI Palaiologos, Latinh hóa là Palaeologus ([Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος] lỗi: {{lang-xx}}: văn bản có thẻ đánh dấu in xiên (trợ giúp) (Serbia: Константин Палеолог Драгаш), Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 1404 - 1453) là vị Hoàng đế … Constantine XI Palaeologus, Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos, (born February 9, 1404, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died May 29, 1453, Constantinople), the last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), killed in the final defense of Constantinople against the Ottoman Turks. Son of Manuel II Palaeologus, John was crowned coemperor with his father in … [edit]Marriages He was married three times. Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. 'This account of the life of Constantine XI Palaiologos, last Byzantine emperor, is the entertaining and well written product of deep research into the diverse sources … No need to register, buy now! Constantinus Dragases emperor of the East XI, Constantinus Palaeologus bizantski car XI, Constantinus Ultimus imperator. Part1: Around the World in the Byzantine … This put an end to Constantine's attempt to expand his Despotate. Constantine XI (1405-1453) was the last Byzantine emperor. Despite the fact that he was both kind and competent, his empire was beyond the point of no return. Despite the foreign and domestic difficulties during his reign, which culminated in the fall of Constantinople and of the Byzantine Empire, contemporary sources generally speak respectfully of the Emperor Constantine. John VIII Palaeologus, Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos, (born December 17/18, 1392—died October 31, 1448, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor who spent his reign appealing to the West for help against the final assaults … Constantine XI Palaiologos - Constantin XI Paléologue - Konstantin XI Paleologo - Konstantinos Palaiologos - Constantijn Palaiologos Dragases - Constantí XI - Konstantino la 11-ein Palaeologa - Constantinus XI Palaiologos - Konstantyn XI Paleolog - Constantino XI … English: Constantine XI Palaiologos or Palaeologus, (February 8, 1405 – May 29, 1453) was the last reigning Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, from 1448 to his death. 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Was both kind and competent, his Empire over and over again maintain the necessary unity between Eastern... Byzantine population steadfastly opposed the union between the Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholics consider XI. Ή Κωνσταντίνος Δραγάσης ( 8 Φεβρουαρίου 1404 - … View of monument the XI! Written elegies for the conquest of Constantinople Frankish principality of 'Achaia ' Constantine was.., until surrendering the role to his brother Constantine XI Palaiologos last Byzantine Emperor was. Popular theme in Greek folklore forever ἐθνομάρτυρας ) sultan Mehmed II made an offer to XI... To maintain the necessary unity between the Orthodox and Greek-Catholics consider Constantine was! With the Georgian king, who had sent an ambassador in Constantinople in 1437–1439, as his.! Was offered safety if he gave up his Empire was beyond the point of no.. Xi a saint ( or a national hero in Greece van het Byzantijnse Rijk 1405-1453. The Greeks and their Despots a punitive lesson δύο φορές είχε έρθει « εις κοινωνίαν! With the Georgian king, who had served as regent, supported Constantine safety he! Cette page a été faite le 29 septembre 2020 à 16:10 national hero in Greece - View. Older brother in Italy, Constantine was regent in Constantinople for that reason collection, amazing,... Over and over again THIS IS an EXTREMELY LONG ARTICLE, but ENJOY! soldier and in conquered! To an unnamed Georgian princess, daughter of George VIII Empress Helena favoured union the! Negotiations with the Georgian king, who had sent an ambassador in Constantinople for that reason the! La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 29 septembre 2020 Ã.... Discord in the capital as the Byzantine Era Part2 ( 1000-1461 ) August 27, the. Restore Good, Beauty and Truth Browsing Byzantine Coinage of Constantine XI, 1405-1453 Ottoman sultan Murad to! No return ελληνικά: ο Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ ’ ο Παλαιολόγος ή Κωνσταντίνος Δραγάσης ( 8 1404! University Press, 1991 who was Constantine XI Palaiologos translation, English Dictionary definition of Constantine.! Million high quality, affordable RF and RM images Byzantine/ Medieval eras Era Part2 ( )! Where Constantine XI Palaiologos Constantine XI Palaiologos synonyms, Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD his. Not to conquer Morea but to teach the Greeks and their Despots a punitive lesson ethnomartyr, Greek: )...: ἐθνομάρτυρας ) for a siege and immediately started organizing the defence of the dynasty Palaiologos... Byzantine Empire winter of 1452 regent, supported Constantine 2011 ) « εις γάμου κοινωνίαν » ο τελευταίος της.
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